Glossary of Credit Card Terms
Have you stumbled across a word on our website that you’re not familiar with? The financial world is full of terms that we do not use in everyday conversation, but that are essential to understand when making an informed financial decision. We’ve listed these key terms and their definitions below. If you find a credit-related term that we missed, please contact us so that we can add its definition to our glossary:
An amount charged to the cardholder once a year, billed to the cardholder’s monthly credit card statement.
Average Daily Balance
Method used by issuers to calculate interest charges and payment. It is calculated by adding up the card balance for each day of the payment period, then dividing the balance total by the total number of days in the billing cycle.
A consumer credit score that is less than 600. The low score results from paying late on credit balances, failing to make payments, or having too much debt.
See: Credit Cards for Bad Credit
The amount of money owed on a credit card account.
Moving an existing balance owed on a credit card to a different account, typically one with a lower interest rate so as to save the cardholder money in interest payments.
See: Balance Transfer Credit Cards
Balance Transfer Fee
An amount charged to the cardholder by an issuer when a balance from another card is moved to one of its card accounts.
A legal declaration by an individual or a business that one is unable to pay payments owed to creditors.
The number of days between the cardholder’s most recent credit card bill and his or her next bill.
A statement that sets the terms and conditions of a credit card account, including the card’s APR and fees. It also sets forth the cardholder’s rights in the event of a dispute. Cardholder agreements are required under regulations by the Federal Reserve.
The ability of a cardholder to borrow cash against the available limit on a credit card account.
A transaction that gets returned by a card issuer, either because of a dispute of the transaction by the cardholder or because it did not comply with certain interchange rules.
A company dedicated to collecting data on consumers from creditors about the consumer’s history of borrowing and paying bills.
The maximum balance that a credit card account will allow the cardholder to accrue, unless interest or penalty fees exceed the balance.
The record of a particular consumer’s borrowing and payment histories, which is collected and aggregated by one or more credit bureaus.
A number calculated by a credit bureau which represents the strength of a consumer’s history of borrowing and paying bills. The higher the number, the less of a risk the consumer is consider to be by lenders and card issuers.
See: Get Your FREE Credit Score
A card which can be used for purchases at stores or websites which accept credit cards, but that deducts money from the cardholder’s bank account or prepaid card account.
The failure of a cardholder to pay a credit card balance.
The specific day that a payment must be made by, or else the payment is considered late by the issuer.
An interest rate on a credit card that does not change unless the cardholder fails to pay on time.
The period between when a purchase is made with a credit card and when the purchase gets posted to the card account and added to its balance.
The minimum interest rate charged on a variable APR credit card.
The interest-free period allowed by a card issuer between the date of a transaction and the billing date, usually a period of 21 to 30 days.
The interest rate charged by a card issuer during a specified period when the cardholder first receives the credit card. Intro periods typically last between 6 and 18 months and often offer a rate of 0%.
See: 0% Credit Cards
The smallest amount a cardholder can pay towards a credit card balance while keeping the account in good standing.
A fee charged by a card issuer when a cardholder’s account balance exceeds the credit limit set on the account.
A card that requires cardholders to deposit money into an account in order to make purchases with the card. The amount of each purchase is then deducted from the account balance.
See: Prepaid Credit Cards
Reports to Credit Bureaus
The payment history of a credit card account will be shared with a company that aggregates consumer payment histories and uses the information to determine each consumer’s credit score.
Indicates that the information collected via an online application gets encrypted when submitted by the applicant, ensuring that only the issuer is able to access it.
A provision which allows issuers to increase a cardholder’s interest rate if the cardholder fails to make ontime payments to other creditors.
A credit card interest rate which changes depending on whether other national rates or economic indicators change.